The 15-question GDS-S scale was developed as a basic screening measure for depression in older adults: a score of higher than 5 indicates that a more thorough clinical investigation is needed. It is a generally valid measure of mild-to-moderate depression in Alzheimer patients with mild-to-moderate dementia.
The GDS-S was developed by Jerome Yesavage, MD, and colleagues.
Have you been basically satisfied with your life?
Have you dropped many of your activities and interests?
Did you feel that your life is empty?
Have you been in good spirits most of the time?
Have you been afraid that something bad is going to happen to you?
Did you prefer to stay at home, rather than going out and doing new things?
Did you feel you have more problems with your memory than most?
Did you think it is wonderful to be alive now?
Did you feel pretty worthless the way you are now?
Did you feel that your situation is hopeless?
Did you think that most people are better off in their lives than you are?